Besides feeding and contaminating the food that we eat, rats also carry fleas and mites that spread diseases such as plague, leptospirosis (rat urine disease), rat-bite fever, and salmonellosis (rodent faecal contamination of food or water). Rodents or rats are also known to bite and can cause hurt to young children or bedridden individuals. And this gnawing habit can damage floor and ceiling boards, wires, and wooden furniture.
Rats like to live in nests and these can be found in the ground, drains, burrows, rubbish dumps, and also indoors in upper dwellings or floor voids. Effective rat control methods include the application of rat poison or rodenticides, rat trap, rodent proofing, rat glue board and rodent exclusion methods.